Computers are now in every aspect of our life, we can’t give a cold shoulder to all the benefits they provide. The automobile industry is no exception. Automation is an integrated part of this industry, from selling cars online to self-driving cars. Among all these advances related to computers, we have new software to optimize the car’s engine: Chip Tuning
What Is Chip Tuning?
This term refers to adjusting the operating modes of electronic controllers in different ways. For example, changing the programs of the engine control unit, or using more electronic modules to increase the power.
A “car chip” concept emerged after car manufacturers transferred control of major automotive systems to an ECU – an electronic engine control unit. It is an on-board computer that regulates the fuel supply, air supply, ignition timing, and other features. Of course, the “auto artists” figured out how to create their software for the computer, which corrects the parameters of the engine. What are the results of this intervention? Read and find out…
What Is Chip Adjustment?
Chip tuning replaces the ECU program, to tune the basic engine performance. In the past, specialists had to mechanically weld the machine’s factory chip, but now it costs little human sweat. Now, they change the firmware using special software and laptop, connecting them to the OBD II port (a computer that monitors car data like emissions, speed, and mileage) According to industry experts, chip tuning allows you to remove some of the restrictions imposed by factory software to improve engine performance.
Engine Factory Settings
Modern cars have sophisticated electronic devices that do not allow the engine to run at the limit. Dozens of engineers with many years of experience work on the development of such systems. As a result, cars with parameters that meet the factory’s standards and have optimal characteristics leave the assembly line.
The electronic control unit regulates the amount of gasoline and air, controls the spark, and other parameters that affect the internal combustion engine’s efficiency. Car factories program these parameters and determine them to be optimal. The first cause for a manufacturer to determine the limits of the engine is to meet environmental standards. If the engine didn’t meet these standards, the car doesn’t receive certification and can’t be sold. Or the manufacturer will have to pay additional taxes for producing these vehicles.
Following these requirements, engineers program the firmware of the control unit with certain restrictions affecting the maximum output power of the unit.
This is only one reason for the standard engine settings. Here are a few more:
● Marketing move:
The automotive market requires models with different power indicators. It is much cheaper for the manufacturer to set restrictions on the computer than to create a new engine. By this, the customer buys a car with a “modernized” engine and pays a little more for such changes.
● The possibility of upgrading the range:
To encourage customers to buy new models, in addition to design changes, manufacturers are “expanding” the capabilities of power units by equipping them with improved air filters, intercoolers, or more powerful fuel pumps. Such changes don’t need for new engine installation.
Pros & Cons
For obvious reasons, many drivers are in no rush to upgrade their cars in this way, fearing the consequences or a drop in the car value. To determine if a “game is worth the effort,” consider all the pros and cons.
The Pros of Chipping the “Brains” of the Car Are:
- Saving money Chip tuning will cost the driver much less than mechanical changes to the design of the engine or the intake-exhaust system.
- Performance improvement Companies engaged in the reconfiguration of the engine control unit promise their customers various benefits: more engine power, less fuel consumption, and less noise.
- Reversibility of the process In a mechanical modification, the specialist cuts off the combustion chambers, increasing their volume. Chip tuning in this context seems more secure, as it allows you to revert to factory settings at any time.
And the Drawbacks of Chip Tuning Are:
- Canceling warranty: Car manufacturers are bold in stating that adjusting your car will lead to losing your warranty. So any change not made at the manufacture will cancel it. And you’re on your own when it comes to repairs.
- Early Wear & Tear : The engine is designed to perform in a limited power that slows down the process of wear and tear. when your engine is working with its ultimate performance, you should expect early wear and tear.
Nothing in life is completely bad or good. In every step we take, we gain something and lose another. Choose what suits you best and enjoy life!